the sum total of two or more quantities or sums; aggregate.
the sum of the principal and interest of a loan.
quantity; measure: a great amount of resistance.
the full effect, value, or significance.
verb (used without object)
to total; add (usually followed by to ): The repair bill amounts to $300.
to reach, extend, or be equal in number, quantity, effect, etc.; be equivalent (usually followed by to ): It is stated differently but amounts to the same thing.
to develop into; become (usually followed by to ): With his intelligence, he should amount to something when he grows up.

1250–1300; Middle English amounten, amunten < Anglo-French amo(u)nter, amunter, Old French amonter literally, to go up, ascend, probably a- a-5 + monter (see mount1); E noun use of v. from early 18th cent.

amount, number (see usage note at the current entry).

The traditional distinction between amount and number is that amount is used with mass or uncountable nouns (the amount of paperwork; the amount of energy) and number with countable nouns (a number of songs; a number of days). Although objected to, the use of amount instead of number with countable nouns occurs in both speech and writing, especially when the noun can be considered as a unit or group (the amount of people present; the amount of weapons) or when it refers to money (the amount of dollars paid; the amount of pennies in the till). Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
amount (əˈmaʊnt)
1.  extent; quantity; supply
2.  the total of two or more quantities; sum
3.  the full value, effect, or significance of something
4.  a principal sum plus the interest on it, as in a loan
vb (usually foll by to)
5.  to be equal or add up in effect, meaning, or quantity
usage  The use of a plural noun after amount of (an amount of bananas; the amount of refugees) should be avoided: a quantity of bananas; the number of refugees

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-13c., "to go up, rise," from O.Fr. amonter, from a mont "upward," lit. "to the mountain," from L. ad- "to" + montem acc. sing. of "mountain." Meaning "to rise in number or quality (so as to reach)" is from c.1300. The noun is 1710, from the verb.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for amounts
Though they will consume large amounts of carrion, they tend to prefer fresh
As an adult ages, diminishing amounts of gh are produced by the pituitary.
Mergers are also locations of extreme amounts of star formation.
Some valves are specially designed to regulate varying amounts of flow.
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