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ampersand

[am-per-sand, am-per-sand] /ˈæm pərˌsænd, ˌæm pərˈsænd/
noun
1.
a character or symbol (& or ) for and :
Smith & Jones, Inc.
Origin
1820-1830
1820-30; contraction of and per se and literally, (the symbol) & by itself (stands for) and; see per se
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ampersands

ampersand

/ˈæmpəˌsænd/
noun
1.
the character (&), meaning and: John Brown & Co
Word Origin
C19: shortened from and per se and, that is, the symbol & by itself (represents) and
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for ampersands

ampersand

n.

1837, contraction of and per se and, meaning "(the character) '&' by itself is 'and' " (a hybrid phrase, partly in Latin, partly in English). The symbol is based on the Latin word et "and," and comes from an old Roman system of shorthand signs (ligatures), attested in Pompeiian graffiti, but not (as sometimes stated) from the Tironian Notes, which was a different form of shorthand, probably invented by Cicero's companion Marcus Tullius Tiro, which used a different symbol, something like a reversed capital gamma, to indicate et.

This Tironian symbol was maintained by some medieval scribes, including Anglo-Saxon chroniclers, who sprinkled their works with a symbol like a numeral 7 to indicate the word and. In old schoolbooks the ampersand was printed at the end of the alphabet and thus by 1880s had acquired a slang sense of "posterior, rear end, hindquarters."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ampersands in Culture
ampersand [(am-puhr-sand)]

A symbol for and (&), as in Dun & Bradstreet.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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