[am-fish-ee-uhnz, -fish-uhnz]
plural noun Archaic.
inhabitants of the tropics.
Also, amphiscii [am-fish-ee-ahy] .

1615–25; < Medieval Latin Amphisci(ī) (< Greek amphískioi, plural of amphískios (adj.) casting a shadow both ways, equivalent to amphi- amphi- + skí(a) shadow + -os adj. suffix) + -ans, plural of -an Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Word Origin & History

1620s, from M.L. Amphiscii, from Gk. amphiskioi "inhabitants of the tropics," from amphi- "on both sides" + skia "shadow." Inhabitants of torrid zones, so called because they are "people whose shadow is sometimes to the North, and sometimes to the South."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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