amputate

[am-pyoo-teyt]
verb (used with object), amputated, amputating.
1.
to cut off (all or part of a limb or digit of the body), as by surgery.
2.
to prune, lop off, or remove: Because of space limitations the editor amputated the last two paragraphs of the news report.
3.
Obsolete. to prune, as branches of trees.

Origin:
1630–40; < Latin amputātus pruned, trimmed (past participle of amputāre), equivalent to am(bi) around (cf. ambi-) + put- trim + -ātus -ate1

amputation, noun
amputative, adjective
amputator, noun
nonamputation, noun
postamputation, adjective
self-amputation, noun
unamputated, adjective
unamputative, adjective
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World English Dictionary
amputate (ˈæmpjʊˌteɪt)
 
vb
surgery to remove (all or part of a limb, esp an arm or leg)
 
[C17: from Latin amputāre, from am- around + putāre to trim, prune]
 
ampu'tation
 
n
 
'amputator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

amputate
1630s, from L. amputatus, pp. of amputare "to cut off, to prune" (see amputation).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

amputate am·pu·tate (ām'pyu-tāt')
v. am·pu·tat·ed, am·pu·tat·ing, am·pu·tates
To cut off a part of the body, especially by surgery.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
They are trying to get his foot to fit some shoe or for some kind of display of
  someone having there foot blown off or amputated.
Her right leg was especially damaged, and doctors amputated it above the knee.
Three days later he reached safety, but infection set in and he narrowly
  avoided having his leg amputated.
Her leg was amputated high above the knee, and she has always used crutches
  with her false leg-until now.
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