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[am-pyoo-teyt] /ˈæm pyʊˌteɪt/
verb (used with object), amputated, amputating.
to cut off (all or part of a limb or digit of the body), as by surgery.
to prune, lop off, or remove:
Because of space limitations the editor amputated the last two paragraphs of the news report.
Obsolete. to prune, as branches of trees.
Origin of amputate
1630-40; < Latin amputātus pruned, trimmed (past participle of amputāre), equivalent to am(bi) around (cf. ambi-) + put- trim + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
amputation, noun
amputative, adjective
amputator, noun
nonamputation, noun
postamputation, adjective
self-amputation, noun
unamputated, adjective
unamputative, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for amputation


(surgery) to remove (all or part of a limb, esp an arm or leg)
Derived Forms
amputation, noun
amputator, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin amputāre, from am- around + putāre to trim, prune
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for amputation

1610s, "a cutting off of tree branches, a pruning," also "operation of cutting off a limb, etc., of a body," from Middle French amputation or directly from Latin amputationem (nominative amputatio), noun of action from past participle stem of amputare "cut off, lop off; cut around, to prune," from am(bi)- "about" (see ambi-) + putare "to prune, trim" (see pave).



1630s, back-formation from amputation or else from Latin amputatus, past participle of amputare "to cut off, to prune." Related: Amputated; amputating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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amputation in Medicine

amputation am·pu·ta·tion (ām'pyu-tā'shən)

  1. Surgical removal of all or part of a limb, an organ, or projecting part or process of the body.

  2. Traumatic or spontaneous loss of a limb, organ, or part.

amputate am·pu·tate (ām'pyu-tāt')
v. am·pu·tat·ed, am·pu·tat·ing, am·pu·tates
To cut off a part of the body, especially by surgery.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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