verb (used with object), analyzed, analyzing.
to separate (a material or abstract entity) into constituent parts or elements; determine the elements or essential features of (opposed to synthesize ): to analyze an argument.
to examine critically, so as to bring out the essential elements or give the essence of: to analyze a poem.
to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc.
to subject to mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc., analysis.
to psychoanalyze: a patient who has been analyzed by two therapists.
Also, especially British, analyse.

1595–1605; back formation from analysis (or from its Latin or Gk sources), with -ys- taken as -ize

analyzable, adjective
analyzability, noun
analyzation, noun
misanalyze, verb (used with object), misanalyzed, misanalyzing.
nonanalyzable, adjective
nonanalyzed, adjective
overanalyze, verb, overanalyzed, overanalyzing.
reanalyzable, adjective
reanalyze, verb (used with object), reanalyzed, reanalyzing.
unanalyzable, adjective
unanalyzably, adverb
unanalyzed, adjective
unanalyzing, adjective
well-analyzed, adjective

1. break down. 2. explicate.

1. synthesize. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To analyze
World English Dictionary
analyse or analyze (ˈænəˌlaɪz)
1.  to examine in detail in order to discover meaning, essential features, etc
2.  to break down into components or essential features: to analyse a financial structure
3.  to make a mathematical, chemical, grammatical, etc, analysis of
4.  another word for psychoanalyse
[C17: back formation from analysis]
analyze or analyze
[C17: back formation from analysis]
ana'lysable or analyze
ana'lyzable or analyze
analy'sation or analyze
analy'zation or analyze
'analyser or analyze
'analyzer or analyze

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1600, "to dissect," from Fr. analyser, from analyse (see analysis). Literature sense is attested from 1610s; meaning in chemistry dates from 1660s. Sense of "to examine closely" dates from 1809; psychological sense is from 1909.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Let's analyze the original post.
You hope this performance will be slightly better than the night before; after
  a performance, you analyze it and try to be better.
As a first step analyze your cellphone usage by looking at the past few months'
With the introduction of new devices, we analyze the future of digital comics.
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