a person who advocates or believes in anarchy or anarchism.
a person who seeks to overturn by violence all constituted forms and institutions of society and government, with no purpose of establishing any other system of order in the place of that destroyed.
a person who promotes disorder or excites revolt against any established rule, law, or custom.

1670–80; anarch(y) + -ist

anarchistic, adjective
nonanarchistic, adjective
pseudoanarchistic, adjective
semianarchist, noun
semianarchistic, adjective
unanarchistic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anarchist (ˈænəkɪst)
1.  a person who advocates the abolition of government and a social system based on voluntary cooperation
2.  a person who causes disorder or upheaval

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1670s, see anarchy. The word got a boost into modernity from the French Revolution.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for anarchist
Many newspapers, meanwhile, declared the anarchist movement responsible for the murder.
She had returned to anarchist activism, but it was taking its toll on her.
The diversion was successful in drawing troops from the anarchist attack.
On occasions he described himself as a philosophical anarchist.
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