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[an-choh-vee, -chuh-, an-choh-vee] /ˈæn tʃoʊ vi, -tʃə-, ænˈtʃoʊ vi/
noun, plural anchovies.
any small, marine, herringlike fish of the family Engraulidae, especially Engraulis encrasicholus, found in the Mediterranean Sea, often preserved in oil and used in salads, spreads, etc., or packaged in paste form.
1590-1600; < French or Ibero-Romance < Genoese anchua, anchova < Vulgar Latin *apiu(v)a, variant of Latin apua (Pliny) < Greek aphýē fry of various fishes Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for anchovies
  • From swirls of schooling anchovies to blue whale migrations, the majesty of marine life is present in every episode.
  • If they were scarce, he could sell his contract and turn instead to sardines or anchovies.
  • Its nobles sat on stools made of blue-whale vertebrae and ate all the dried anchovies and mussels they desired.
  • Rub the salt from the anchovies and wash in running water.
  • It gathers anchovies, sardines, and tiny animals and plants called plankton.
  • Feed them lots of heart-healthy anchovies and sardines.
  • Sardines are served simply grilled or baked, accompanied by a sauce made from anchovies, olive oil and lemon juice.
  • Appetizer selections include roasted peppers with anchovies, baked clams, stuffed mushrooms and fried zucchini.
  • Ground marinated anchovies flavor sauces and salad dressings, while tuna, sardine and mullet are served as main courses.
  • Try trolling with live anchovies or shad, or lures and spoons that mimic shad.
British Dictionary definitions for anchovies


noun (pl) -vies, -vy
any of various small marine food fishes of the genus Engraulis and related genera, esp E. encrasicolus of S Europe: family Clupeidae (herrings). They have a salty taste and are often tinned or made into a paste or essence
Word Origin
C16: from Spanish anchoa, perhaps ultimately from Greek aphuē small fish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for anchovies



1590s, from Portuguese anchova, from Genoese or Corsican dialect, perhaps ultimately from either Latin apua "small fish" (from Greek aphye "small fry") [Gamillscheg, Diez], or from Basque anchu "dried fish," from anchuva "dry" [Klein, citing Mahn].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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