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[uh-nee-mee-uh] /əˈni mi ə/
Pathology. a quantitative deficiency of the hemoglobin, often accompanied by a reduced number of red blood cells and causing pallor, weakness, and breathlessness.
a lack of power, vigor, vitality, or colorfulness:
His writing suffers from anemia.
Also, anaemia.
Origin of anemia
1800-10; < New Latin < Greek anaimía want of blood. See an-1, -emia
Related forms
pseudoanemia, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for anemia
  • In conclusion, inadequate food practices appear to be directly involved in the etiology of iron deficiency anemia during infancy.
  • Over a period of months or years they produce severe iron-deficiency anemia and protein malnutrition.
  • Nevertheless, even mild anemia can reduce oxygen transport in the blood, causing fatigue and a diminished physical capacity.
  • Or it could signify anemia, which involves the loss of red blood cells.
  • If the body fails to produce enough of any one type of globin, a deficiency of hemoglobin can result, causing anemia.
  • It is known for its treatment and prevention of anemia, plus its amazing ability to stimulate growth in undersized children.
  • Red cells are needed to control the anemia often accompanying leukemia.
  • Sickle cell anemia is one of a family of inherited blood disorders .
  • Their copper enzymes get depleted, which leads to anemia and fatigue.
  • Riboflavin deficiency causes a sore mouth and throat, a skin rash, and anemia.
British Dictionary definitions for anemia


a deficiency in the number of red blood cells or in their haemoglobin content, resulting in pallor, shortness of breath, and lack of energy
lack of vitality or vigour
pallid complexion
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin, from Greek anaimia lack of blood, from an- + haima blood


the usual US spelling of anaemia
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin, from Greek anaimia lack of blood
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for anemia

alternative (chiefly U.S.) spelling of anaemia (q.v.). See ae. As a genus of plants, Modern Latin, from Greek aneimon "unclad," from privative prefix an- (see an- (1)) + eima "a dress, garment" (see wear (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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anemia in Medicine

anemia a·ne·mi·a (ə-nē'mē-ə)
A pathological deficiency in the oxygen-carrying component of the blood, measured in unit volume concentrations of hemoglobin, red blood cell volume, or red blood cell number.

a·ne'mic (-mĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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anemia in Science
A deficiency in the oxygen-carrying component of the blood, as in the amount of hemoglobin or the number or volume of red blood cells. Iron deficiency, often caused by inadequate dietary consumption of iron, and blood loss are common causes of anemia. See also aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia.and sickle cell anemia.

anemic adjective
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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anemia in Culture
anemia [(uh-nee-mee-uh)]

A condition in which the capacity of the blood to carry oxygen is decreased because of too few red blood cells in circulation or because of too little hemoglobin.

Note: Because people suffering from anemia often appear weak and pale, the term is frequently used to describe general apathy or weakness: “The team's performance has been pretty anemic these past few weeks.”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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