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aniline

[an-l-in, -ahyn] /ˈæn l ɪn, -ˌaɪn/
noun
1.
Also called aniline oil, aminobenzine, phenylamine. Chemistry. a colorless, oily, slightly water-soluble liquid, C 6 H 5 NH 2 , usually derived from nitrobenzene by reduction: used chiefly in the synthesis of dyes and drugs.
adjective
2.
pertaining to or derived from aniline:
aniline colors.
Also, anilin
[an-l-in] /ˈæn l ɪn/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; anil + -ine2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for aniline oil

aniline

/ˈænɪlɪn; -ˌliːn/
noun
1.
a colourless oily pungent poisonous liquid used in the manufacture of dyes, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and explosives. Formula: C6H5NH2 Also called phenylamine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for aniline oil
aniline
chemical base used in making colorful dyes, 1850, coined 1841 by Ger. chemist Carl Julius Fritzsche (18081871), ultimately from Port. anil "the indigo shrub," from Arabic an-nil "the indigo," assimilated from al-nil, from Pers. nila, ult. from Skt. nili "indigo," from nilah "dark blue."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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aniline oil in Medicine

aniline an·i·line or an·i·lin (ān'ə-lĭn)
n.
An oily, poisonous benzene derivative used in the manufacture of dyes and pharmaceuticals. adj.
Derived from aniline.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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aniline oil in Science
aniline
  (ān'ə-lĭn)   
A colorless, oily, poisonous compound used in the manufacture of rubber, dyes, resins, pharmaceuticals, and varnishes. Aniline is an amine of benzene. Chemical formula: C6H7N.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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