city, Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany. It lies on the Rezat River, southwest of Nurnberg. Ansbach originated around the Benedictine monastery of Onolzbach (founded 748) and was sold to a Franconian branch of the Hohenzollern line (later margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Bayreuth) in 1331. It passed to Prussia in 1791 and to Bavaria in 1806. Queen Caroline, consort of King George II of Great Britain (reigned 1727-60), was born there in 1683, and there is a memorial to Kaspar Hauser (a mysterious youth reputed to have been the hereditary prince of Baden), who died there in 1833.
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