antagonize

[an-tag-uh-nahyz]
verb (used with object), antagonized, antagonizing.
1.
to make hostile or unfriendly; make an enemy or antagonist of: His speech antagonized many voters.
2.
to act in opposition to; oppose.
verb (used without object), antagonized, antagonizing.
3.
Rare. to act antagonistically.
Also, especially British, antagonise.


Origin:
1625–35; < Greek antagōnízesthai to contend against, dispute with. See ant-, agonize

antagonizable, adjective
antagonization, noun
reantagonize, verb (used with object), reantagonized, reantagonizing.
unantagonizable, adjective
unantagonized, adjective
unantagonizing, adjective
unantagonizingly, adverb
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
antagonize or antagonise (ænˈtæɡəˌnaɪz)
 
vb
1.  to make hostile; annoy or irritate
2.  to act in opposition to or counteract
 
[C17: from Greek antagōnizesthai, from anti- + agōnizesthai to strive, from agōn contest]
 
antagonise or antagonise
 
vb
 
[C17: from Greek antagōnizesthai, from anti- + agōnizesthai to strive, from agōn contest]
 
an'tagonizable or antagonise
 
adj
 
an'tagonisable or antagonise
 
adj
 
antagoni'zation or antagonise
 
n
 
antagoni'sation or antagonise
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

antagonise
British spelling of antagonize; see -ize.

antagonize
1630s, "to compete with," from Gk. antagonizesthai "to struggle against" (see antagonist). Meaning "to struggle against continuously" is recorded from 1742.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
With state and general elections looming, the government was loth to antagonise them.
For now everybody is trying to pacify the storm-gods, not antagonise them.
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