Wilkes was the first to discover the so-called mainland of the Antarctic Continent, in January, 1840.
He had not perfectly proved the impossibility of an Antarctic Continent.
At this time Cook had not yet proved the non-existence of an Antarctic Continent.
The non-existence of an Antarctic Continent was definitely ascertained.
For example, in 1902 there were collected the first fossils ever found on the Antarctic Continent.
Henceforth Australasia was left to its own fate, but for a possible connection with the Antarctic Continent.
A part of this fresh water is also acquired by the sea in the form of icebergs from the Antarctic Continent.
continent name attributed to Scottish cartographer John George Bartholomew (1860-1920), who used it on a map published 1887. From antarctic (q.v.). Hypothetical southern continents had been imagined since antiquity; first sighting of Antarctica by Europeans probably was 1820 (Lazarev and Bellingshausen). Also cf. Antipodes.
Note: Antarctica is characterized by extremely low temperatures.
Note: In 1911, Roald Amundsen became the first explorer to reach the South Pole, followed shortly thereafter by Robert Scott.