antecedent's

antecedent

[an-tuh-seed-nt]
adjective
1.
preceding; prior: an antecedent event.
noun
2.
a preceding circumstance, event, object, style, phenomenon, etc.
3.
antecedents.
b.
the history, events, characteristics, etc., of one's earlier life: Little is known about his birth and antecedents.
4.
Grammar. a word, phrase, or clause, usually a substantive, that is replaced by a pronoun or other substitute later, or occasionally earlier, in the same or in another, usually subsequent, sentence. In Jane lost a glove and she can't find it, Jane is the antecedent of she and glove is the antecedent of it.
5.
Mathematics.
a.
the first term of a ratio; the first or third term of a proportion.
b.
the first of two vectors in a dyad.
6.
Logic. the conditional element in a proposition, as “Caesar conquered Gaul,” in “If Caesar conquered Gaul, he was a great general.”

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin antecēdent- (stem of antecēdēns) going before, present participle of antecēdere to antecede; see -ent

antecedental [an-tuh-see-den-tl] , adjective
antecedently, adverb

antecedence, antecedents.


1. precursory, preexistent. 2. precursor, forerunner, ancestor.


1. subsequent. 2. successor.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To antecedent's
Collins
World English Dictionary
antecedent (ˌæntɪˈsiːdənt)
 
n
1.  an event, circumstance, etc, that happens before another
2.  grammar a word or phrase to which a pronoun refers. In the sentence "People who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones," people is the antecedent of who
3.  logic the hypothetical clause, usually introduced by "if", in a conditional statement: that which implies the other
4.  maths an obsolescent name for numerator
5.  logic denying the antecedent the fallacy of inferring the falsehood of the consequent of a conditional statement, given the truth of the conditional and the falsehood of its antecedent, as if there are five of them, there are more than four: there are not five, so there are not more than four
 
adj
6.  preceding in time or order; prior

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

antecedent
late 14c., from Fr. antecedent (14c.), from L. antecedentem (nom. antecedens), prp. of antecedere "go before," from ante- "before" (see ante) + cedere "to yield" (see cede). Used as a noun in L. philosophical writings.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

antecedent an·te·ce·dent (ān'tĭ-sēd'nt)
n.
A precursor.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature