city, Malaga provincia (province), in the comunidad autonoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain, northwest of Malaga, at the foot of the Sierra del Torcal. Neolithic dolmens (Menga, Viera, and El Romeral) attest to prehistoric occupation of the site. The city, known to the Romans as Anticaria and to the Moors as Madinah Antakira, was reconquered for Christian Spain by the infante Don Fernando (Ferdinand, regent of Castile) in 1410, after which it served as a religious and seignorial centre. Examples of its 16th-century architecture include the churches of Santa Maria la Mayor of San Francisco and of San Sebastian, which houses works of the great Spanish painter Bartolome Esteban Murillo.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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