noun Biochemistry.
any of a class of water-soluble pigments that give flowers the colors ranging from red to blue.
Also, anthocyan [an-thuh-sahy-uhn] .

1830–40; antho- + cyanin(e) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anthocyanin or anthocyan (ˌænθəʊˈsaɪənɪn, ˌænθəʊˈsaɪən)
any of a class of water-soluble glycosidic pigments, esp those responsible for the red and blue colours in flowers. They are closely related to vitamins E and P
[C19: from antho- + -cyanin, from Greek kuanos dark blue]
anthocyan or anthocyan
[C19: from antho- + -cyanin, from Greek kuanos dark blue]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
What's more, trees produce the anthocyanin compounds found in leaves during the autumn season.
For example, red cabbages contain an indicator pigment molecule called flavin, which is a type of molecule called an anthocyanin.
Trees vary in their genetic capacity for anthocyanin synthesis for reasons that may have little to do with fall colors.
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