noun, plural anthologies.
a book or other collection of selected writings by various authors, usually in the same literary form, of the same period, or on the same subject: an anthology of Elizabethan drama; an anthology of modern philosophy.
a collection of selected writings by one author.

1630–40; < Latin anthologia < Greek: collection of poems, literally, gathering of flowers, equivalent to anthológ(os) flower-gathering (antho- antho- + -logos, adj. derivative of légein to pick up, collect) + -ia -ia

anthological [an-thuh-loj-i-kuhl] , adjective
anthologically, adverb
anthologist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anthology (ænˈθɒlədʒɪ)
n , pl -gies
1.  a collection of literary passages or works, esp poems, by various authors
2.  any printed collection of literary pieces, songs, works of art, etc
[C17: from Medieval Latin anthologia, from Greek, literally: a flower gathering, from anthos flower + legein to collect]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1630s, from L. anthologia, from Gk. anthologia "flower-gathering," from anthos "a flower" (see anther) + logia "collection, collecting," from legein "gather" (see lecture). Modern sense (which emerged in Late Gk.) is metaphoric, "flowers" of verse, small poems by various writers gathered together.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The essay became a touchstone in the heyday of literary theory, reprinted in a
  slew of anthologies and cited copiously.
The books are anthologies of writing done by the students in the program.
Poets who compile anthologies--or even reading lists--should be scrupulously
  honest in including only poems they genuinely admire.
And the extent of what he knows would never be guessed by one who met him only
  in anthologies.
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