anthropology

[an-thruh-pol-uh-jee]
noun
1.
the science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, biological characteristics, and social customs and beliefs of humankind.
2.
the study of human beings' similarity to and divergence from other animals.
3.
the science of humans and their works.
4.
Also called philosophical anthropology. the study of the nature and essence of humankind.

Origin:
1585–95; anthropo- + -logy

anthropological [an-thruh-puh-loj-i-kuhl] , anthropologic, adjective
anthropologically, adverb
pseudoanthropological, adjective
semianthropologic, adjective
semianthropological, adjective
semianthropologically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
anthropology (ˌænθrəˈpɒlədʒɪ)
 
n
cultural anthropology ethnology physical anthropology See also social anthropology the study of humans, their origins, physical characteristics, institutions, religious beliefs, social relationships, etc
 
anthropological
 
adj
 
anthropo'logically
 
adv
 
anthro'pologist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

anthropology
"science of the natural history of man," 1590s, coined from Gk. anthropo- + -logia "study of." In Aristotle, anthropologos is used literally, as "speaking of man." Related: Anthropological (1825); anthropologist (1798).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

anthropology an·thro·pol·o·gy (ān'thrə-pŏl'ə-jē)
n.
The scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of humans.


an'thro·pol'o·gist n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
anthropology   (ān'thrə-pŏl'ə-jē)  Pronunciation Key 
The scientific study of humans, especially of their origin, their behavior, and their physical, social, and cultural development.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

anthropology definition


The scientific study of the origin, development, and varieties of human beings and their societies, particularly so-called primitive societies.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Langdon's colleagues often joked that his place looked more like an
  anthropology museum than a home.
His record of the trip is rich in anthropology and science.
Marketing is now an applied science that encompasses sociology, psychology, and
  anthropology.
The theme of change is woven into science programs from anthropology to
  geophysics.
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