[ing-glish or, often, -lish]
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of England or its inhabitants, institutions, etc.
belonging or pertaining to, or spoken or written in, the English language.
the people of England collectively, especially as distinguished from the Scots, Welsh, and Irish.
the Germanic language of the British Isles, widespread and standard also in the U.S. and most of the British Commonwealth, historically termed Old English (c450–c1150), Middle English (c1150–c1475), and Modern English (after c1475). Abbreviation: E
English language, composition, and literature as offered as a course of study in school.
a specific variety of this language, as that of a particular time, place, or person: American English; Shakespearean English.
simple, straightforward language: What does all that jargon mean in English?
Sports. (sometimes lowercase)
a spinning motion imparted to a ball, especially in billiards.
Printing. a 14-point type of a size between pica and Columbian.
a grade of calendered paper having a smooth matte finish.
verb (used with object)
to translate into English: to English Euripides.
to adopt (a foreign word) into English; Anglicize.
(sometimes lowercase) Sports. to impart English to (a ball).

before 900; Middle English; Old English Englisc, equivalent to Engle (plural) the English (compare Latin Anglī; see Angle) + -isc -ish1

Englishness, noun
anti-English, adjective
half-English, adjective
non-English, adjective, noun
pre-English, adjective
pro-English, adjective
pseudo-English, adjective
quasi-English, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
English (ˈɪŋɡlɪʃ)
1.  Middle English Old English See also Modern English the official language of Britain, the US, most parts of the Commonwealth, and certain other countries. It is the native language of over 280 million people and is acquired as a second language by many more. It is an Indo-European language belonging to the West Germanic branch
2.  (functioning as plural) the English the natives or inhabitants of England collectively
3.  (formerly) a size of printer's type approximately equal to 14 point
4.  an old style of black-letter typeface
5.  (often not capital) the usual US and Canadian term for side
6.  denoting, using, or relating to the English language
7.  relating to or characteristic of England or the English
8.  archaic to translate or adapt into EnglishRelated: Anglo-
Related: Anglo-

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"people or speech of England," O.E. Englisc, from Engle (pl.) "the Angles," one of the Gmc. groups that overran the island 5c., supposedly so-called because Angul, the land they inhabited on the Jutland coast, was shaped like a fish hook (but how could they know this from the ground?). The term was used
from earliest times without distinction for all the Gmc. invaders -- Angles, Saxon, Jutes (Bede's gens Anglorum) -- and applied to their group of related languages by Alfred the Great. In pronunciation, "En-" has become "In-," but the older spelling has remained. Meaning "English language or literature as a subject at school" is from 1889.

"spin imparted to a ball" (as in billiards), 1860, from Fr. anglé "angled," which is similar to Anglais "English."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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