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terrorism

[ter-uh-riz-uh m] /ˈtɛr əˌrɪz əm/
noun
1.
the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce, especially for political purposes.
2.
the state of fear and submission produced by terrorism or terrorization.
3.
a terroristic method of governing or of resisting a government.
Origin
1785-1795
1785-95; terror + -ism
Related forms
antiterrorism, adjective

antiterrorist

[an-tee-ter-er-ist, an-tahy-] /ˌæn tiˈtɛr ər ɪst, ˌæn taɪ-/
adjective
1.
used or designed to combat terrorism:
antiterrorist tactics.
Origin
1960-65; anti- + terrorist
Related forms
antiterrorism, noun
Can be confused
antiterrorism, counterterrorism.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for anti-terrorism

antiterrorist

/ˌæntɪˈtɛrərɪst/
adjective
1.
relating to measures, policies, or organizations designed to combat terrorist activity

terrorism

/ˈtɛrəˌrɪzəm/
noun
1.
systematic use of violence and intimidation to achieve some goal
2.
the act of terrorizing
3.
the state of being terrorized
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for anti-terrorism
terrorism
1795, in specific sense of "government intimidation during the Reign of Terror in France" (1793-July 1794), from Fr. terrorisme (1798), from L. terror (see terror).
"If the basis of a popular government in peacetime is virtue, its basis in a time of revolution is virtue and terror -- virtue, without which terror would be barbaric; and terror, without which virtue would be impotent." [Robespierre, speech in French National Convention, 1794]
General sense of "systematic use of terror as a policy" is first recorded in English 1798.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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anti-terrorism in Culture

terrorism definition


Acts of violence committed by groups that view themselves as victimized by some notable historical wrong. Although these groups have no formal connection with governments, they usually have the financial and moral backing of sympathetic governments. Typically, they stage unexpected attacks on civilian targets, including embassies and airliners, with the aim of sowing fear and confusion. Israel has been a frequent target of terrorism, but the United States has increasingly become its main target. (See also September 11 attacks, Osama bin Laden, Hezbollah, and Basque region.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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4
5
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