|1.||the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge, which constitute the shared bases of social action|
|2.||the total range of activities and ideas of a group of people with shared traditions, which are transmitted and reinforced by members of the group: the Mayan culture|
|3.||a particular civilization at a particular period|
|4.||the artistic and social pursuits, expression, and tastes valued by a society or class, as in the arts, manners, dress, etc|
|5.||the enlightenment or refinement resulting from these pursuits|
|6.||the attitudes, feelings, values, and behaviour that characterize and inform society as a whole or any social group within it: yob culture|
|7.||the cultivation of plants, esp by scientific methods designed to improve stock or to produce new ones|
|8.||stockbreeding the rearing and breeding of animals, esp with a view to improving the strain|
|9.||the act or practice of tilling or cultivating the soil|
|a. See also culture medium the experimental growth of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, in a nutrient substance (culture medium), usually under controlled conditions|
|b. a group of microorganisms grown in this way|
|11.||to cultivate (plants or animals)|
|12.||to grow (microorganisms) in a culture medium|
|[C15: from Old French, from Latin cultūra a cultivating, from colere to till; see |
"For without culture or holiness, which are always the gift of a very few, a man may renounce wealth or any other external thing, but he cannot renounce hatred, envy, jealousy, revenge. Culture is the sanctity of the intellect." [William Butler Yeats]Slang culture vulture is from 1947. Culture shock first recorded 1940
culture cul·ture (kŭl'chər)
The growing of microorganisms, tissue cells, or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium.
Such a growth or colony, as of bacteria.
To grow microorganisms or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium.
To use a substance as a medium for culture.
|culture (kŭl'chər) Pronunciation Key
Verb To grow microorganisms, viruses, or tissue cells in a nutrient medium.
The sum of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguishes one group of people from another. Culture is transmitted, through language, material objects, ritual, institutions, and art, from one generation to the next.
Note: Anthropologists consider that the requirements for culture (language use, tool making, and conscious regulation of sex) are essential features that distinguish humans from other animals.
Note: Culture also refers to refined music, art, and literature; one who is well versed in these subjects is considered “cultured.”