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fundamentalism

[fuhn-duh-men-tl-iz-uh m] /ˌfʌn dəˈmɛn tlˌɪz əm/
noun
1.
(sometimes initial capital letter) a movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in matters of faith and morals but also as a literal historical record, holding as essential to Christian faith belief in such doctrines as the creation of the world, the virgin birth, physical resurrection, atonement by the sacrificial death of Christ, and the Second Coming.
2.
the beliefs held by those in this movement.
3.
strict adherence to any set of basic ideas or principles:
the fundamentalism of the extreme conservatives.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25, Americanism; fundamental + -ism
Related forms
fundamentalist, noun, adjective
antifundamentalism, noun
antifundamentalist, noun, adjective
nonfundamentalist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for antifundamentalist

fundamentalism

/ˌfʌndəˈmɛntəˌlɪzəm/
noun
1.
(Christianity) (esp among certain Protestant sects) the belief that every word of the Bible is divinely inspired and therefore true
2.
(Islam) a movement favouring strict observance of the teachings of the Koran and Islamic law
3.
strict adherence to the fundamental principles of any set of beliefs
Derived Forms
fundamentalist, noun, adjective
fundamentalistic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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antifundamentalist in Culture

fundamentalism definition


A conservative movement in theology among nineteenth- and twentieth-century Christians. Fundamentalists believe that the statements in the Bible are literally true.

Note: Fundamentalists often argue against the theory of evolution. (See Scopes trial.)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for antifundamentalist

fundamentalism

type of militantly conservative religious movement characterized by the advocacy of strict conformity to sacred texts. Once used exclusively to refer to American Protestants who insisted on the inerrancy of the Bible, the term fundamentalism was applied more broadly beginning in the late 20th century to a wide variety of religious movements. Indeed, in the broad sense of the term, many of the major religions of the world may be said to have fundamentalist movements. For a discussion of fundamentalism in American Protestantism, see fundamentalism, Christian.

Learn more about fundamentalism with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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