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Antigone

[an-tig-uh-nee] /ænˈtɪg əˌni/
noun
1.
Classical Mythology. a daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta who defied her uncle, King Creon, by performing funeral rites over her brother, Polynices, and was condemned to be immured alive in a cave.
2.
(italics) a tragedy (c440 b.c.) by Sophocles.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Antigone

Antigone

/ænˈtɪɡənɪ/
noun
1.
(Greek myth) daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta, who was condemned to death for cremating the body of her brother Polynices in defiance of an edict of her uncle, King Creon of Thebes
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for Antigone

daughter of Oedipus, her name may mean "in place of a mother" in Greek, from anti- "opposite, in place of" (see anti-) + gone "womb, childbirth, generation," from root of gignesthai "to be born" related to genos "race, birth, descent" (see genus).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Antigone in Culture
Antigone [(an-tig-uh-nee)]

In classical mythology, a daughter of King Oedipus. Her two brothers killed each other in single combat over the kingship of their city. Although burial or cremation of the dead was a religious obligation among the Greeks, the king forbade the burial of one of the brothers, for he was considered a traitor. Antigone, torn between her religious and legal obligations, disobeyed the king's order and buried her brother. She was then condemned to death for her crime.

Note: The Greek playwright Sophocles tells her story in Antigone, a play that deals with the conflict between human laws and the laws of the gods.
Antigone [(an-tig-uh-nee)]

A tragedy by Sophocles. It concerns the punishment of Antigone for burying her brother, an act that was forbidden because he had rebelled against his own city. Antigone argues that the burial is required by divine law as opposed to human law.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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