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Antiochus III

[an-tahy-uh-kuh s] /ænˈtaɪ ə kəs/
noun
1.
(“the Great”) 241?–187 b.c., king of Syria 223–187.

Antiochus IV

noun
1.
(Antiochus Epiphanes) died 164? b.c, king of Syria 175–164?.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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  • Modern historiography favours the hypothesis of antiochus of syracuse.
British Dictionary definitions for antiochus

Antiochus III

/ænˈtaɪəkəs/
noun
1.
known as Antiochus the Great. 242–187 bc, king of Syria (223–187), who greatly extended the Seleucid empire but was forced (190) to surrender most of Asia Minor to the Romans

Antiochus IV

noun
1.
?215–164 bc, Seleucid king of Syria (175–164), who attacked the Jews and provoked the revolt of the Maccabees
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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antiochus in the Bible

the name of several Syrian kings from B.C. 280 to B.C. 65. The most notable of these were, (1.) Antiochus the Great, who ascended the throne B.C. 223. He is regarded as the "king of the north" referred to in Dan. 11:13-19. He was succeeded (B.C. 187) by his son, Seleucus Philopater, spoken of by Daniel (11:20) as "a raiser of taxes", in the Revised Version, "one that shall cause an exactor to pass through the glory of the kingdom." (2.) Antiochus IV., surnamed "Epiphanes" i.e., the Illustrious, succeeded his brother Seleucus (B.C. 175). His career and character are prophetically described by Daniel (11:21-32). He was a "vile person." In a spirit of revenge he organized an expedition against Jerusalem, which he destroyed, putting vast multitudes of its inhabitants to death in the most cruel manner. From this time the Jews began the great war of independence under their heroic Maccabean leaders with marked success, defeating the armies of Antiochus that were sent against them. Enraged at this, Antiochus marched against them in person, threatening utterly to exterminate the nation; but on the way he was suddenly arrested by the hand of death (B.C. 164).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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