[tem-per-uhns, tem-pruhns]
moderation or self-restraint in action, statement, etc.; self-control.
habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite or passion, especially in the use of alcoholic liquors.
total abstinence from alcoholic liquors.

1200–50; Middle English temperaunce < Anglo-French < Latin temperantia self-control. See temper, -ance

antitemperance, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
temperance (ˈtɛmpərəns)
1.  restraint or moderation, esp in yielding to one's appetites or desires
2.  abstinence from alcoholic drink
[C14: from Latin temperantia, from temperāre to regulate]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., "self-restraint, moderation," from Anglo-Fr. temperaunce (mid-13c.), from L. temperantia "moderation," from temperans, prp. of temperare "to moderate" (see temper). L. temperantia was used by Cicero to translate Gk. sophrosyne "moderation." In Eng., temperance was
used to render L. continentia or abstinentia, specifically in reference to drinking alcohol and eating; hence by early 1800s it came to mean "abstinence from alcoholic drink."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

temperance tem·per·ance (těm'pər-əns, těm'prəns)

  1. Moderation and self-restraint, as in behavior or expression.

  2. Restraint in the use of or abstinence from alcoholic liquors.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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