), from *teuta, the common PIE word for "people" (cf. Lith. tauto, Osc. touto, O.Ir. tuath, Goth. þiuda, O.E. þeod). Used in Eng. in anthropology to avoid the modern political association of German
; but in this anthropoligical sense Fr. uses germanique and Ger. uses germanisch, since neither uses its form of German for the narrower national meaning (cf. Fr. allemand, see Alemanni
; and Ger. deutsch). In Finnish, Germany is Saksa "Land of the Saxons." The Teutonic Knights (founded c.1191) were a military order of Ger. knights formed for service in the Holy Land, later crusading in Prussia and Lithuania. The Teutonic cross (1882) was the badge of the order. Teuton "a German" is attested from 1833.