anvil top

anvil

[an-vil]
noun
1.
a heavy iron block with a smooth face, frequently of steel, on which metals, usually heated until soft, are hammered into desired shapes.
2.
anything having a similar form or use.
3.
the fixed jaw in certain measuring instruments.
4.
Also called anvil cloud, anvil top. Meteorology, incus ( def 2 ).
5.
a musical percussion instrument having steel bars that are struck with a wooden or metal beater.
6.
Anatomy, incus ( def 1 ).

Origin:
before 900; Middle English anvelt, anfelt, Old English anfilt(e), anfealt; cognate with Middle Dutch anvilte, Old High German anafalz. See on, felt2

Dictionary.com Unabridged

incus

[ing-kuhs]
noun, plural incudes [in-kyoo-deez] , for 1; incus for 2.
1.
Anatomy. the middle one of a chain of three small bones in the middle ear of humans and other mammals. Compare malleus, stapes. See diag. under ear.
2.
Also called anvil, anvil cloud, anvil top, thunderhead. the spreading, anvil-shaped, upper portion of a mature cumulonimbus cloud, smooth or slightly fibrous in appearance.

Origin:
1660–70; < Neo-Latin, Latin incūs anvil, equivalent to incūd- (stem of incūdere to hammer, beat upon) + -s nominative singular ending; see incuse

incudate [ing-kyuh-deyt, -dit, in-] , incudal [ing-kyuh-dl, in-] , adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
anvil (ˈænvɪl)
 
n
1.  a heavy iron or steel block on which metals are hammered during forging
2.  any part having a similar shape or function, such as the lower part of a telegraph key
3.  the fixed jaw of a measurement device against which the piece to be measured is held
4.  anatomy the nontechnical name for incus
 
[Old English anfealt; related to Old High German anafalz, Middle Dutch anvilte; see on, felt²]

incus (ˈɪŋkəs)
 
n , pl incudes
malleus Compare stapes Nontechnical name: anvil the central of the three small bones in the middle ear of mammals
 
[C17: from Latin: anvil, from incūdere to forge]
 
incudate
 
adj
 
incudal
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

anvil
O.E. anfilte, a W.Gmc. compound (cf. M.Du. anvilt, O.H.G. anafalz, Dan. ambolt) from *ana- "on" + *filtan "hit" (see felt (n.)). Anvil Chorus is based on the "Gypsy Song" that opens Act II of Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," first performed in Teatro Apollo, Rome, Jan. 19, 1853.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

anvil an·vil (ān'vĭl)
n.
See incus.

incus in·cus (ĭng'kəs)
n. pl. in·cu·des (ĭng-kyōō'dēz)
The middle of the three ossicles in the middle ear, located between the malleus and the stapes and composed of a body and two limbs. Also called anvil.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
incus   (ĭng-ky'dēz)  Pronunciation Key 
Plural incudes (ĭng-ky'dēz)
  1. The anvil-shaped bone (ossicle) that lies between the malleus and the stapes in the middle ear.

  2. The elongated, often anvil-shaped upper portion of a fully developed cumulonimbus cloud; a thunderhead.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Anvil definition


the rendering of the Hebrew word , "beaten," found only in Isa. 41:7.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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