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incus

[ing-kuh s] /ˈɪŋ kəs/
noun, plural incudes
[in-kyoo-deez] /ɪnˈkyu diz/ (Show IPA),
for 1; incus for 2.
1.
Anatomy. the middle one of a chain of three small bones in the middle ear of humans and other mammals.
Compare malleus, stapes.
2.
Also called anvil, anvil cloud, anvil top, thunderhead. the spreading, anvil-shaped, upper portion of a mature cumulonimbus cloud, smooth or slightly fibrous in appearance.
Origin
1660-1670
1660-70; < Neo-Latin, Latin incūs anvil, equivalent to incūd- (stem of incūdere to hammer, beat upon) + -s nominative singular ending; see incuse
Related forms
incudate
[ing-kyuh-deyt, -dit, in-] /ˈɪŋ kyəˌdeɪt, -dɪt, ˈɪn-/ (Show IPA),
incudal
[ing-kyuh-dl, in-] /ˈɪŋ kyə dl, ˈɪn-/ (Show IPA),
adjective

anvil

[an-vil] /ˈæn vɪl/
noun
1.
a heavy iron block with a smooth face, frequently of steel, on which metals, usually heated until soft, are hammered into desired shapes.
2.
anything having a similar form or use.
3.
the fixed jaw in certain measuring instruments.
4.
Also called anvil cloud, anvil top. Meteorology, incus (def 2).
5.
a musical percussion instrument having steel bars that are struck with a wooden or metal beater.
6.
Anatomy, incus (def 1).
Origin
before 900; Middle English anvelt, anfelt, Old English anfilt(e), anfealt; cognate with Middle Dutch anvilte, Old High German anafalz. See on, felt2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for anvil top

anvil

/ˈænvɪl/
noun
1.
a heavy iron or steel block on which metals are hammered during forging
2.
any part having a similar shape or function, such as the lower part of a telegraph key
3.
the fixed jaw of a measurement device against which the piece to be measured is held
4.
(anatomy) the nontechnical name for incus
Word Origin
Old English anfealt; related to Old High German anafalz, Middle Dutch anvilte; see on, felt²

incus

/ˈɪŋkəs/
noun (pl) incudes (ɪnˈkjuːdiːz)
1.
the central of the three small bones in the middle ear of mammals Nontechnical name anvil Compare malleus, stapes
Derived Forms
incudate (ˈɪŋkjʊˌdeɪt), incudal (ˈɪŋkjʊdəl) adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Latin: anvil, from incūdere to forge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for anvil top

anvil

n.

Old English anfilt, a West Germanic compound (cf. Middle Dutch anvilt, Old High German anafalz, Dutch aanbeeld, Danish ambolt "anvil") from *ana- "on" + *filtan "hit" (see felt (n.)). The ear bone so called from 1680s. Anvil Chorus is based on the "Gypsy Song" that opens Act II of Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore," first performed in Teatro Apollo, Rome, Jan. 19, 1853.

incus

n.

ear bone, 1660s, from Latin incus "anvil," from incudere "to forge with a hammer." So called by Belgian anatomist Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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anvil top in Medicine

anvil an·vil (ān'vĭl)
n.
See incus.

incus in·cus (ĭng'kəs)
n. pl. in·cu·des (ĭng-kyōō'dēz)
The middle of the three ossicles in the middle ear, located between the malleus and the stapes and composed of a body and two limbs. Also called anvil.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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anvil top in Science
incus
  (ĭng-ky'dēz)   
Plural incudes (ĭng-ky'dēz)
  1. The anvil-shaped bone (ossicle) that lies between the malleus and the stapes in the middle ear.

  2. The elongated, often anvil-shaped upper portion of a fully developed cumulonimbus cloud; a thunderhead.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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anvil top in the Bible

the rendering of the Hebrew word , "beaten," found only in Isa. 41:7.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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