any

[en-ee]
adjective
1.
one, a, an, or some; one or more without specification or identification: If you have any witnesses, produce them. Pick out any six you like.
2.
whatever or whichever it may be: cheap at any price.
3.
in whatever quantity or number, great or small; some: Do you have any butter?
4.
every; all: Any schoolboy would know that. Read any books you find on the subject.
5.
(following a negative) at all: She can't endure any criticism.
pronoun
6.
an unspecified person or persons; anybody; anyone: He does better than any before him.
7.
a single one or ones; an unspecified thing or things; a quantity or number: We don't have any left.
adverb
8.
in whatever degree; to some extent; at all: Do you feel any better?
Idioms
9.
any which way, in any manner whatever; indifferently or carelessly: Doing your work any which way is just not good enough.

Origin:
before 950; Middle English eni, ani, Old English ǣnig (Old English ān one + -ig -y1)


3. See some.

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
any (ˈɛnɪ)
 
determiner
1.  a.  one, some, or several, as specified, no matter how much or many, what kind or quality, etc: any cheese in the cupboard is yours; you may take any clothes you like
 b.  (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): take any you like
2.  (usually used with a negative)
 a.  even the smallest amount or even one: I can't stand any noise
 b.  (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): don't give her any
3.  whatever or whichever; no matter what or which: any dictionary will do; any time of day
4.  an indefinite or unlimited amount or number (esp in the phrases any amount or number): any number of friends
 
adv
5.  (usually used with a negative)
 a.  ( foll by a comparative adjective ) to even the smallest extent: it isn't any worse now
 b.  not standard at all: he doesn't care any
 
[Old English ǣnig; related to Old Frisian ēnig, Old High German einag, Old Norse einigr anyone, Latin ūnicus unique; see an1, one]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

any
O.E. ænig "any, anyone," lit. "one-y," from P.Gmc. *ainagas (cf. O.S. enig, O.N. einigr, O.Fris. enich, Du. enig, Ger. einig). The -y may have dim. force here. Emphatic form any old ______ (British variant: any bloody ______) is recorded from 1896. At any rate is recorded from 1847. Among the large
family of compounds beginning with any- , anykyn "any kind" (c.1300) did not survive. Anywhen (1831) is rarely used, but OED calls it "common in Southern [British] dialects."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

any

In addition to the idioms beginning with any, also see at any rate; by any means; go to any length; in any case; under any (no) circumstances.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Students set up another free speech wall, this time taping over any language
  that could be deemed offensive.
First, her lack of any undergraduate degree whatsoever.
New engine technology makes wind power more efficient in any weather.
That's the sound of doom for any smug boulder that thought it had defeated me.
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