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apéritif

[ah-per-i-teef, uh-per-; French a-pey-ree-teef] /ɑˌpɛr ɪˈtif, əˌpɛr-; French a peɪ riˈtif/
noun, plural apéritifs
[ah-per-i-teefs; French a-pey-ree-teef] /ɑˌpɛr ɪˈtifs; French a peɪ riˈtif/ (Show IPA)
1.
a small drink of alcoholic liquor taken to stimulate the appetite before a meal.
2.
Also called apéritif wine. a wine served as an appetizer or cocktail.
Origin
1890-1895
1890-95; < French (vin) apéritif; see aperitive
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for apéritif wine

apéritif

/ɑːˌpɛrɪˈtiːf; əˌpɛr-/
noun
1.
an alcoholic drink, esp a wine, drunk before a meal to whet the appetite
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Medieval Latin aperitīvus, from Latin aperīre to open
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for apéritif wine

aperitif

n.

1894, "alcoholic drink taken before a meal to stimulate the appetite," from French apéritif "laxative, laxative liqueur," literally "opening," from Latin aperitivus, from aperire "to open" (see overt). Cf. Middle English apertive (adj.), a medical word meaning "capable of opening or dilating" (pores, etc.), early 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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