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apothecary

[uh-poth-uh-ker-ee] /əˈpɒθ əˌkɛr i/
noun, plural apothecaries.
1.
a druggist; a pharmacist.
2.
a pharmacy or drugstore.
3.
(especially in England and Ireland) a druggist licensed to prescribe medicine.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English (< Old French) < Medieval Latin apothēcārius seller of spices and drugs, Late Latin: shopkeeper, equivalent to Latin apothēc(a) shop, storehouse (< Greek apothḗkē; see apo-, theca) + -ārius -ary
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for apothecaries
  • These are instead of the bright colors in apothecaries' shops and city windows.
  • apothecaries are so called because they administer boluses.
  • apothecaries' profit is become a bye-word, denoting something uncommonly extravagant.
British Dictionary definitions for apothecaries

apothecary

/əˈpɒθɪkərɪ/
noun (pl) -caries
1.
an archaic word for pharmacist
2.
(law) a chemist licensed by the Society of Apothecaries of London to prescribe, prepare, and sell drugs
Word Origin
C14: from Old French apotecaire, from Late Latin apothēcārius warehouseman, from apothēca, from Greek apothēkē storehouse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for apothecaries

apothecary

n.

mid-14c., "shopkeeper, especially one who stores, compounds, and sells medicaments," from Old French apotecaire (13c., Modern French apothicaire), from Late Latin apothecarius "storekeeper," from Latin apotheca "storehouse," from Greek apotheke "barn, storehouse," literally "a place where things are put away," from apo- "away" (see apo-) + tithenai "to put," from PIE root *dhe- "to put, to do" (see factitious). Same root produced French boutique and Spanish bodega. Cognate compounds produced Sanskrit apadha- "concealment," Old Persian apadana- "palace."

Drugs and herbs being among the chief items of non-perishable goods, the meaning narrowed 17c. to "druggist" (Apothecaries' Company of London separated from the Grocers' in 1617). Apothecaries formerly were notorious for "the assumed gravity and affectation of knowledge generally put on by the gentlemen of this profession, who are commonly as superficial in their learning as they are pedantic in their language" [Francis Grose, "A Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue," 1796]. Hence, Apothecary's Latin, barbarously mangled, also known as Dog Latin.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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apothecaries in Medicine

apothecary a·poth·e·car·y (ə-pŏth'ĭ-kěr'ē)
n. pl. a·poth·e·car·ies
Abbr. ap.

  1. One that prepares and sells drugs and other medicines; a pharmacist.

  2. See pharmacy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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apothecaries in the Bible

rendered in the margin and the Revised Version "perfumer," in Ex. 30:25; 37:29; Eccl. 10:1. The holy oils and ointments were prepared by priests properly qualified for this office. The feminine plural form of the Hebrew word is rendered "confectionaries" in 1 Sam. 8:13.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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