a subordinate part attached to something; an auxiliary part; addition.
Anatomy, Zoology. any member of the body diverging from the axial trunk.
Botany, Mycology. any subsidiary part superadded to another part.
a person in a subordinate or dependent position, especially a servile or parasitic follower.

1640–50; append + -age

appendaged, adjective
unappendaged, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
appendage (əˈpɛndɪdʒ)
1.  an ancillary or secondary part attached to a main part; adjunct
2.  zoology any organ that projects from the trunk of animals such as arthropods
3.  botany any subsidiary part of a plant, such as a branch or leaf

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1640s, from append (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

appendage ap·pend·age (ə-pěn'dĭj)
A part or organ attached to a main structure and subordinate in function or size.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
At first they were appendages of city parks, something to go with the bandstand
  and the boating lake.
The study looked at the additional effort required to swing armor-plated
  appendages through a typical range of motion.
One early theory suggested that females in larger species could use these
  appendages for anti-predator defense.
Their lower appendages are adapted to help them climb trees with ease.
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