appropriation

[uh-proh-pree-ey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act of appropriating.
2.
anything appropriated for a special purpose, especially money.
3.
an act of a legislature authorizing money to be paid from the treasury for a specified use.
4.
the money thus authorized: a large appropriation for aid to libraries.

Origin:
1325–75; Middle English (< Middle French) < Late Latin appropriātiōn- (stem of appropriātiō). See appropriate, -ion

proappropriation, adjective
reappropriation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
appropriation (əˌprəʊprɪˈeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  the act of setting apart or taking for one's own use
2.  a sum of money set apart for a specific purpose, esp by a legislature

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

appropriation
late 14c., "taking (something) as private property," from L. appropriationem (nom. appropriatio) "a making one's own," noun of action from appropriatus, pp. of appropriare (see appropriate). Meaning "setting aside for some purpose" (esp. of money) first attested 1789 in U.S. Constitution.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

appropriation definition


The grant of money by a legislature for some specific purpose. The authority to grant appropriations, popularly known as the power of the purse, gives legislatures a powerful check over executive branches and judicial branches, for no public money can be spent without legislative approval. Congress, for example, can approve or reject the annual budget requests of the executive branch for its agencies and programs, thereby influencing both domestic and foreign policy. (See also checks and balances and pork-barrel legislation.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
But the thing is, they've been doing logo appropriations for years.
Aircraft purchases went up less than nine percent versus seventy-five percent
  growth in aircraft appropriations.
These were left to chance or to subsequent municipal appropriations out of
  other funds.
They do not include commercial projects, which local governments often use to
  justify land appropriations.
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