Word Origin & History
from Fr. Egypte, from Gk. Aigyptos "the river Nile, Egypt," from Amarna Hikuptah, corresponding to Egypt. Ha(t)-ka-ptah "temple of the soul of Ptah," the creative god associated with Memphis, the ancient city of Egypt. Strictly one of the names of Memphis, it was taken by the Greeks as the name of the
whole country. The Egyptian name, Kemet, means "black country," possibly in ref. to the rich delta soil. The Arabic is Misr, which is derived from Mizraim, the name of a son of Biblical Ham.