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arable

[ar-uh-buh l] /ˈær ə bəl/
adjective
1.
capable of producing crops; suitable for farming; suited to the plow and for tillage:
arable land; arable soil.
noun
2.
land that can be or is cultivated.
Origin
1375-1425
1375-1425; < Latin arābilis, equivalent to arā(re) to plow + -bilis -ble; replacing late Middle English erable, equivalent to er(en) to plow (Old English erian) + -able -able
Related forms
arability, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for arability

arable

/ˈærəbəl/
adjective
1.
(of land) being or capable of being tilled for the production of crops
2.
of, relating to, or using such land: arable farming
noun
3.
arable land or farming
Word Origin
C15: from Latin arābilis that can be ploughed, from arāre to plough
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for arability

arable

adj.

early 15c., "suitable for plowing" (as opposed to pasture- or wood-land), from Old French arable (12c.), from Latin arabilis, from arare "to plow," from PIE *are- "to plow" (cf. Greek aroun, Old Church Slavonic orja, Lithuanian ariu "to plow;" Gothic arjan, Old English erian, Middle Irish airim, Welsh arddu "to plow;" Old Norse arþr "a plow"). Replaced by late 18c. native erable, from Old English erian "to plow," from the same PIE source.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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