capable of producing crops; suitable for farming; suited to the plow and for tillage: arable land; arable soil.
land that can be or is cultivated.

1375–1425; < Latin arābilis, equivalent to arā(re) to plow + -bilis -ble; replacing late Middle English erable, equivalent to er(en) to plow (Old English erian) + -able -able

arability, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
arable (ˈærəbəl)
1.  (of land) being or capable of being tilled for the production of crops
2.  of, relating to, or using such land: arable farming
3.  arable land or farming
[C15: from Latin arābilis that can be ploughed, from arāre to plough]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

early 15c., "suitable for plowing" (as opposed to pasture- or wood-land), from O.Fr. arable, from L. arabilis, from arare "to plow," from PIE *are- "to plow" (cf. Gk. aroun, O.C.S. orja, Lith. ariu "to plow;" Goth. arjan, O.E. erian, M.Ir. airim, Welsh arddu "to plow;" O.N. arþr "a plow"). Replaced
native erable, from O.E. erian "to plow."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
About 28% of the land is arable.
Farmers also grow vegetables and other produce on land made arable by the oasis
  water supply and underground streams.
Save the arable land for food.
But now they're also giving away their arable land for nearly nothing.
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