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arbalest

[ahr-buh-list] /ˈɑr bə lɪst/
noun
1.
a powerful medieval crossbow with a steel bow, used to shoot stones, metal balls, arrows, etc.
Also, arbalist.
Origin
1100
before 1100; < Old French arbaleste < Old Provençal < Late Latin arcuballista (see arc, ballista); replacing Middle English, late Old English arblast < Old French
Related forms
arbalester, arbalister
[ahr-buh-lis-ter] /ˈɑr bəˌlɪs tər/ (Show IPA),
noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for arbalist

arbalest

/ˈɑːbəlɪst/
noun
1.
a large medieval crossbow, usually cocked by mechanical means
Word Origin
C11: from Old French arbaleste, from Late Latin arcuballista, from Latin arcus bow + ballista
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for arbalist
arbalest
"crossbow," c.1100, from O.Fr. arbaleste (Mod.Fr. arbalète-), from V.L. arbalista, from L.L. arcuballista "catapult," from L. arcus "bow" (see arc) + ballista "machine for throwing projectiles" (see ballistic). Ger. armbrust is from the same Fr. word but mangled by folk etymology.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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