arc-hest

arch

2 [ahrch]
adjective
1.
playfully roguish or mischievous: an arch smile.
2.
cunning; crafty; sly.
noun
3.
Obsolete. a person who is preeminent; a chief.

Origin:
independent use of arch-1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
arch1 (ɑːtʃ)
 
n
1.  a curved structure, normally in the vertical plane, that spans an opening
2.  Also called: archway a structure in the form of an arch that serves as a gateway
3.  something curved like an arch
4.  a.  any of various parts or structures of the body having a curved or archlike outline, such as the transverse portion of the aorta (arch of the aorta) or the raised bony vault formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones (arch of the foot)
 b.  loop Compare whorl one of the basic patterns of the human fingerprint, formed by several curved ridges one above the other
 
vb
5.  (tr) to span (an opening) with an arch
6.  to form or cause to form an arch or a curve resembling that of an arch: the cat arched its back
7.  (tr) to span or extend over: the bridge arched the flooded stream
 
[C14: from Old French arche, from Vulgar Latin arca (unattested), from Latin arcus bow, arc]

arch2 (ɑːtʃ)
 
adj
1.  (prenominal) chief; principal; leading: his arch rival
2.  (prenominal) very experienced; expert: an arch criminal
3.  knowing or superior
4.  playfully or affectedly roguish or mischievous
 
[C16: independent use of arch-]
 
'archly2
 
adv
 
'archness2
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

arch
c.1300, from O.Fr. arche "arch of a bridge," from L. arcus (see arc). Replaced native bow (n.1). Transferred by 1590 to anything having this form (eyebrows, etc.). The verb meaning "to curve" is from 1620s. Related: Archway (1802).

arch
1540s, "chief, principal," from prefix arch- (from Gk. arkhos "chief;" see archon); used in 12c. archangel, etc., but extended to so many derogatory uses (arch-rogue, arch-knave, etc.) that it acquired a meaning of "roguish, mischievous," since softened to "saucy" (1660s).
Also found in archwife (late 14c.) "A wife of a superior order."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

arch (ärch)
n.
An organ or structure having a curved or bowlike appearance, especially either of two arched sections of the bony structure of the foot.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

arch definition


In architecture, a curved or pointed opening that spans a doorway, window, or other space.

Note: The form of arch used in building often serves to distinguish styles of architecture from one another. For example, Romanesque architecture usually employs a round arch, and Gothic architecture, a pointed arch.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Arch definition


an architectural term found only in Ezek. 40:16, 21, 22, 26, 29. There is no absolute proof that the Israelites employed arches in their buildings. The arch was employed in the building of the pyramids of Egypt. The oldest existing arch is at Thebes, and bears the date B.C. 1350. There are also still found the remains of an arch, known as Robinson's Arch, of the bridge connecting Zion and Moriah. (See TYROPOEON VALLEY.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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