Arch duke

archduke

[ahrch-dook, -dyook]
noun
a title of the sovereign princes of the former ruling house of Austria.

Origin:
1520–30; earlier archeduke < French archeduc (now archiduc). See arch-1, duke

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World English Dictionary
archduke (ˈɑːtʃˈdjuːk)
 
n
a chief duke, esp (since 1453) a prince of the Austrian imperial dynasty

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

archduke
1520s, from M.Fr., from O.Fr. archeduc, from Merovingian L. archiducem (c.750), from arch- (see arch (adj.)) + duke (q.v.). Formerly the title of the rulers of Austrasia, Lorraine, Brabant, and Austria; later the titular dignity of the sons of the Emperor of Austria.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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