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archduke

[ahrch-dook, -dyook] /ˈɑrtʃˈduk, -ˈdyuk/
noun
1.
a title of the sovereign princes of the former ruling house of Austria.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; earlier archeduke < French archeduc (now archiduc). See arch-1, duke
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for arch-duke

archduke

/ˈɑːtʃˈdjuːk/
noun
1.
a chief duke, esp (since 1453) a prince of the Austrian imperial dynasty
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for arch-duke

archduke

n.

1520s, from Middle French and Old French archeduc, from Merovingian Latin archiducem (c.750); see arch- + duke (n.). Formerly the title of the rulers of Austrasia, Lorraine, Brabant, and Austria; later the titular dignity of the sons of the Emperor of Austria. Related: Archducal; archduchy.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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