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[ahr-kee-ol-uh-jee] /ˌɑr kiˈɒl ə dʒi/
the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, and other such remains, especially those that have been excavated.
Rare. ancient history; the study of antiquity.
Also, archeology.
Origin of archaeology
1600-10; < Greek archaiología the discussion of antiquities. See archaeo-, -logy
Related forms
archaeologist, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for archaeology
  • In many ways, archaeology rests on the study of garbage, except that the garbage is a few hundred or a few thousand years old.
  • archaeology is the study of the human past using material remains.
  • The explosion in commercial archaeology has brought a flood of information.
  • Media archaeology is an approach to media studies that has emerged over the last two decades.
  • He abandoned law for art and archaeology in 1869.
  • From archaeology to zoology, there's always something new and interesting to explore.
  • It's assembled by a panel of experts in archaeology, architecture, art history and preservation.
  • He served as professor of classical archaeology.
  • Today, many tribes have a more positive view of archaeology.
  • It is a daring piece of medical archaeology, with an ambitious scope.
British Dictionary definitions for archaeology


the study of man's past by scientific analysis of the material remains of his cultures See also prehistory, protohistory
Derived Forms
archaeological, archeological (ˌɑːkɪəˈlɒdʒɪkəl) adjective
archaeologically, archeologically, adverb
archaeologist, archeologist, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Late Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia study of what is ancient, from arkhaios ancient (from arkhē beginning)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for archaeology

c.1600, "ancient history," from French archéologie (16c.) or directly from Greek arkhaiologia "the study of ancient things;" see archaeo- + -ology. Meaning "scientific study of ancient peoples" recorded by 1825. Related: Archaeological; archaeologically.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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archaeology in Science
archaeology or archeology
The scientific study of past human life and culture by the examination of physical remains, such as graves, tools, and pottery.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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archaeology in Culture
archaeology [(ahr-kee-ol-uh-jee)]

The recovery and study of material objects, such as graves, buildings, tools, artworks, and human remains, to investigate the structure and behavior of past cultures. Archaeologists rely on physical remains as clues to the emergence and development of human societies and civilizations. Anthropologists, by contrast, to interact with living people to study their cultures.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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