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arch2

[ahrch] /ɑrtʃ/
adjective
1.
playfully roguish or mischievous:
an arch smile.
2.
cunning; crafty; sly.
noun
3.
Obsolete. a person who is preeminent; a chief.
Origin
independent use of arch-1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for archest

arch1

/ɑːtʃ/
noun
1.
a curved structure, normally in the vertical plane, that spans an opening
2.
Also called archway. a structure in the form of an arch that serves as a gateway
3.
something curved like an arch
4.
  1. any of various parts or structures of the body having a curved or archlike outline, such as the transverse portion of the aorta (arch of the aorta) or the raised bony vault formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones (arch of the foot)
  2. one of the basic patterns of the human fingerprint, formed by several curved ridges one above the other Compare loop1 (sense 10a), whorl (sense 3)
verb
5.
(transitive) to span (an opening) with an arch
6.
to form or cause to form an arch or a curve resembling that of an arch: the cat arched its back
7.
(transitive) to span or extend over: the bridge arched the flooded stream
Word Origin
C14: from Old French arche, from Vulgar Latin arca (unattested), from Latin arcus bow, arc

arch2

/ɑːtʃ/
adjective
1.
(prenominal) chief; principal; leading: his arch rival
2.
(prenominal) very experienced; expert: an arch criminal
3.
knowing or superior
4.
playfully or affectedly roguish or mischievous
Derived Forms
archly, adverb
archness, noun
Word Origin
C16: independent use of arch-
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for archest

arch

n.

c.1300, from Old French arche "arch of a bridge" (12c.), from Latin arcus "a bow" (see arc). Replaced native bow (n.1). Originally architectural in English; transferred by early 15c. to anything having this form (eyebrows, etc.).

adj.

1540s, "chief, principal," from prefix arch-; used in 12c. archangel, etc., but extended to so many derogatory uses (arch-rogue, arch-knave, etc.) that by mid-17c. it acquired a meaning of "roguish, mischievous," since softened to "saucy." Also found in archwife (late 14c.), variously defined as "a wife of a superior order" or "a dominating woman, virago."

v.

early 14c., "to form an arch" (implied in arched); c.1400, "to furnish with an arch," from arch (n.). Related: Arching.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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archest in Medicine

arch (ärch)
n.
An organ or structure having a curved or bowlike appearance, especially either of two arched sections of the bony structure of the foot.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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archest in Culture

arch definition


In architecture, a curved or pointed opening that spans a doorway, window, or other space.

Note: The form of arch used in building often serves to distinguish styles of architecture from one another. For example, Romanesque architecture usually employs a round arch, and Gothic architecture, a pointed arch.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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archest in the Bible

an architectural term found only in Ezek. 40:16, 21, 22, 26, 29. There is no absolute proof that the Israelites employed arches in their buildings. The arch was employed in the building of the pyramids of Egypt. The oldest existing arch is at Thebes, and bears the date B.C. 1350. There are also still found the remains of an arch, known as Robinson's Arch, of the bridge connecting Zion and Moriah. (See TYROPOEON VALLEY.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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