archive

[ahr-kahyv]
noun
1.
Usually, archives. documents or records relating to the activities, business dealings, etc., of a person, family, corporation, association, community, or nation.
2.
archives, a place where public records or other historical documents are kept.
3.
any extensive record or collection of data: The encyclopedia is an archive of world history. The experience was sealed in the archive of her memory.
4.
Digital Technology.
a.
a long-term storage device, as a disk or magnetic tape, or a computer directory or folder that contains copies of files for backup or future reference.
b.
a collection of digital data stored in this way.
c.
a computer file containing one or more compressed files.
d.
a collection of information permanently stored on the Internet: The magazine has its entire archive online, from 1923 to the present.
verb (used with object), archived, archiving.
5.
to place or store in an archive: to vote on archiving the city's historic documents.
6.
Digital Technology. to compress (computer files) and store them in a single file.

Origin:
1595–1605; orig., as plural < French archives < Latin archī(v)a < Greek archeîa, orig. plural of archeîon public office, equivalent to arch() magistracy, office + -eion suffix of place

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
archive (ˈɑːkaɪv)
 
n
1.  a collection of records of or about an institution, family, etc
2.  a place where such records are kept
3.  computing data transferred to a tape or disk for long-term storage rather than frequent use
 
vb
4.  to store (documents, data, etc) in an archive or other repository
 
[C17: from Late Latin archīvum, from Greek arkheion repository of official records, from arkhē government]
 
ar'chival
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

archive
1934, from archives (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

archive definition


1. A single file containing one or (usually) more separate files plus information to allow them to be extracted (separated) by a suitable program.
Archives are usually created for software distribution or backup. tar is a common format for Unix archives, and arc or PKZIP for MS-DOS and Microsoft Windows.
2. To transfer files to slower, cheaper media (usually magnetic tape) to free the hard disk space they occupied. This is now normally done for long-term storage but in the 1960s, when disk was much more expensive, files were often shuffled regularly between disk and tape.
3. archive site.
(1996-12-08)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
Each archive will cater to a specific scientific discipline.
Our multimedia archive and library will continue to be updated.
The group also recently added current journal articles to its archive.
Here are some cool digital archives or archive-related projects we've come
  across lately.
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