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archlute

[ahrch-loot] /ˈɑrtʃˌlut/
noun
1.
a lute with two pegboxes, one for the stopped strings and the other for the bass strings, which run outside the fingerboard.
Origin
1720-1730
1720-30; arch-1 + lute, modeled on Italian archiliuto
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for archlute

large 16th-century bass lute provided with additional bass strings, or diapasons, and producing a deeper sound that could be used in orchestral basso continuo parts. The diapasons were tuned according to individual preference, usually in a descending scale from the lowest principal string

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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