archon

archon

[ahr-kon]
noun
1.
a higher magistrate in ancient Athens.
2.
any ruler.

Origin:
1650–60; < Greek árchōn magistrate, ruler, noun use of present participle of árchein to be first, rule; see archi-

archonship, noun
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World English Dictionary
archon (ˈɑːkɒn, -kən)
 
n
(in ancient Athens) one of the nine chief magistrates
 
[C17: from Greek arkhōn ruler, from arkhein to rule]
 
'archonship
 
n

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Word Origin & History

archon
one of the nine chief magistrates of ancient Athens, 1650s, from Gk. arkhon "ruler," prp. of arkhein "to rule," from PIE *arkhein- "to begin, rule, command," a "Gk. verb of unknown origin, but showing archaic Indo-European features ... with derivatives arkhe, 'rule, beginning,' and arkhos, 'ruler' "
[Watkins]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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