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ardent

[ahr-dnt] /ˈɑr dnt/
adjective
1.
having, expressive of, or characterized by intense feeling; passionate; fervent:
an ardent vow; ardent love.
2.
intensely devoted, eager, or enthusiastic; zealous:
an ardent theatergoer. an ardent student of French history.
3.
vehement; fierce:
They were frightened by his ardent, burning eyes.
4.
burning, fiery, or hot:
the ardent core of a star.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; < Latin ārdent- (stem of ārdēns, present participle of ārdēre to burn), equivalent to ārd- burn + -ent- -ent; replacing Middle English ardant < Middle French
Related forms
ardently, adverb
ardency
[ahr-dn-see] /ˈɑr dn si/ (Show IPA),
ardentness, noun
Synonyms
1. fervid, eager, impassioned. 2. avid.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ardency

ardent

/ˈɑːdənt/
adjective
1.
expressive of or characterized by intense desire or emotion; passionate: ardent love
2.
intensely enthusiastic; eager: an ardent longing
3.
glowing, flashing, or shining: ardent eyes
4.
(rare) burning: an ardent fever
Derived Forms
ardency, noun
ardently, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Latin ārdēre to burn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ardency
n.

1540s, "warmth of feeling, desire," from ardent + -cy. A figurative sense, the literal meaning "intensity of heat" wasn't attested in English until 1630s.

ardent

adj.

early 14c., of alcoholic distillates, brandy (ardent spirits), etc., from Old French ardant (13c.) "burning, hot; zealous," from Latin ardentem (nominative ardens) "glowing, fiery, hot, ablaze," also used figuratively of passions, present participle of ardere "to burn," from PIE root *as- "to burn, glow" from PIE root *as- "to burn, glow" (cf. Old English æsce "ashes;" see ash (n.1)).

Ardent spirits (late 15c.) so called because they are inflammable, but the term now, if used at all, probably is felt in the figurative sense. The figurative sense (of "burning with" passions, desire, etc.) is from late 14c.; literal sense of "burning, parching" (c.1400) remains rare. Related: Ardently.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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