a hill in Athens, Greece, W of the Acropolis.
Greek History. the council that met on this hill, originally having wide public functions but later becoming a purely judicial body.
any high tribunal.

< Latin < Greek Áreios págos hill of Ares Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Areopagus (ˌærɪˈɒpəɡəs)
1.  a.  the hill to the northwest of the Acropolis in Athens
 b.  (in ancient Athens) the judicial council whose members (Areopagites) met on this hill
2.  literary any high court
[via Latin from Greek Areiopagus, contracted from Areios pagos, hill of Ares]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1640s, from Gk., Areios pagos "the hill of Ares," west of the Acropolis in Athens, where the highest judicial court sa; second element from pagos "rocky hill." Sense extended to "any important tribunal." Areopagite "member of the Areopagus court" is attested from late 14c. (cf. Acts xvii.34).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Areopagus definition

the Latin form of the Greek word rendered "Mars' hill." But it denotes also the council or court of justice which met in the open air on the hill. It was a rocky height to the west of the Acropolis at Athens, on the south-east summit of which the council was held which was constituted by Solon, and consisted of nine archons or chief magistrates who were then in office, and the ex-archons of blameless life. On this hill of Mars (Gr. Ares) Paul delivered his memorable address to the "men of Athens" (Acts 17:22-31).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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