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ariel

[air-ee-uh l] /ˈɛər i əl/
noun
1.
a mountain gazelle of Arabia, Gazella gazella arabica : almost extinct.
Also, ariel gazelle.
Origin
1825-1835
1825-35; < dialectal Arabic aryal
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for ariel-gazelle

ariel

/ˈɛərɪəl/
noun
1.
an Arabian gazelle, Gazella arabica (or dama)
Word Origin
C19: from Arabic aryal

Ariel

/ˈɛərɪəl/
noun
1.
the smallest of the four large satellites of Uranus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ariel-gazelle

ariel

1382, in the Wyclif Bible, a word taken untranslated from the Vulgate, from Greek ariel (Sept.), from Hebrew ariel; in later Bibles, translated as "altar."

(Gesenius would here translate "fire-hearth of God," after Arab. arr; elsewhere in O.T. the same word occurs as a man's name, and appellation of Jerusalem, where it is taken as = "lion of God.") Ariel in T. Heywood and Milton is the name of an angel, in Shakespeare of "an Ayrie spirit"; in Astron. of one of the satellites of Uranus. [OED]
As the name of a species of gazelle found in the Middle East, 1832, from Arabic aryil, variant of ayyil "stag."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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ariel-gazelle in the Bible

the lion of God. (1.) One of the chief men sent by Ezra to procure Levites for the sanctuary (Ezra 8:16). (2.) A symbolic name for Jerusalem (Isa. 29:1, 2, 7) as "victorious under God," and in Ezek. 43:15, 16, for the altar (marg., Heb. 'ariel) of burnt offerings, the secret of Israel's lion-like strength.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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