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arithmetic

[n. uh-rith-muh-tik; adj. ar-ith-met-ik] /n. əˈrɪθ mə tɪk; adj. ˌær ɪθˈmɛt ɪk/
noun
1.
the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics.
2.
Also called higher arithmetic, theoretical arithmetic. the theory of numbers; the study of the divisibility of whole numbers, the remainders after division, etc.
3.
a book on this subject.
adjective, arithmetic
4.
Also, arithmetical. of or pertaining to arithmetic.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; < Latin arithmētica, feminine singular of arithmēticus < Greek arithmētikḗ (téchnē) (art, skill) of numbers, equivalent to arithmé(ein) to reckon + -t(o)- verbal adjective + -ikḗ -ic; replacing Middle English arsmet(r)ike < Old French arismetique < Medieval Latin arismētica, with s for Late Greek th
Related forms
arithmetically, adverb
nonarithmetic, adjective
nonarithmetical, adjective
nonarithmetically, adverb
unarithmetical, adjective
unarithmetically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for arithmetical

arithmetic

/əˈrɪθmətɪk/
noun
1.
the branch of mathematics concerned with numerical calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
2.
one or more calculations involving numerical operations
3.
knowledge of or skill in using arithmetic his arithmetic is good
adjective (ˌærɪθˈmɛtɪk)
4.
of, relating to, or using arithmetic
Derived Forms
arithmetically, adverb
arithmetician, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Latin arithmētica, from Greek arithmētikē, from arithmein to count, from arithmos number
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for arithmetical
arithmetic
mid-13c., from O.Fr. arsmetique (12c.), from L. arithmetica, from Gk. arithmetike (tekhne) "(the) counting (art)," from arithmos "number," from PIE base *ri- "number" (cf. O.E., O.H.G. rim "number;" O.Ir. rim "number," dorimu "I count;" L. ritus "religious custom"). Originally in English arsmetrik, on folk etymology from L. ars metrica; spelling corrected early 16c. Replaced native tælcræft "tell-craft."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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arithmetical in Science
arithmetic
  (ə-rĭth'mĭ-tĭk)   
The mathematics of integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers under the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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