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armature

[ahr-muh-cher] /ˈɑr mə tʃər/
noun
1.
2.
Biology. the protective covering of an animal or plant, or any part serving for defense or offense.
3.
Electricity.
  1. the part of an electric machine that includes the main current-carrying winding and in which the electromotive force is induced.
  2. the pivoted part of an electric device, as a buzzer or relay, that is activated by a magnetic field.
  3. the iron or steel applied across the poles of a permanent magnet to close it, or across the poles of an electromagnet to transmit a mechanical force.
4.
Sculpture. a skeletal framework built as a support on which a clay, wax, or plaster figure is constructed.
Origin
1535-1545
1535-45; (< Middle French) < Latin armātūra an outfit, armor, equivalent to armāt(us) equipped (see arm2, -ate1) + -ūra -ure
Can be confused
amateur, armature.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for armatures

armature

/ˈɑːmətjʊə/
noun
1.
a revolving structure in an electric motor or generator, wound with the coils that carry the current
2.
any part of an electric machine or device that moves under the influence of a magnetic field or within which an electromotive force is induced
3.
Also called keeper. a soft iron or steel bar placed across the poles of a permanent magnet to close the magnetic circuit
4.
such a bar placed across the poles of an electromagnet to transmit mechanical force
5.
(sculpture) a framework to support the clay or other material used in modelling
6.
the protective outer covering of an animal or plant
7.
(archaic) armour
Word Origin
C15: from Latin armātūra armour, equipment, from armāre to furnish with equipment; see arm²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for armatures

armature

n.

c.1400, "an armed force," from Latin armatura "armor, equipment," from armatus, past participle of armare "to arm, furnish with weapons" from arma (see arm (n.2)). Meaning "armor" is mid-15c.; that of "protective covering of a plant or animal" is from 1660s. Electromagnetic sense is from 1835.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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armatures in Science
armature
  (är'mə-chər)   
  1. The part of an electric motor or generator that consists of wire wound around an iron core and carries an electric current. In motors and generators using direct current, the armature rotates within a magnetic field; in motors and generators using alternating current a magnetic field is rotated about the armature.

  2. A piece of soft iron connecting the poles of a magnet.

  3. The part of an electromagnetic device, such as a relay or loudspeaker, that moves or vibrates.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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